The major consumers of diesel fuel are railway transportation (diesel locomotives, motor vehicles, diesel trains), cargo and water transport, military equipment, diesel power generators, agricultural machinery, as well as passenger diesel vehicles. In addition to diesel engines, residual diesel fuel (Solaröl) is often used as boiler fuel, for leather impregnation, in lubricants and quenching liquids, and for mechanical and heat treatment of metals.


At the end of the XIX century, the use of gasoline was very rare. It was used as an antiseptic, cleaning agent (e.g. of fine lace) and as fuel for kerosene stoves. Mainly, only kerosene was distilled out of oil, while everything else was disposed of. After the arrival of the combustion engine, operating on the Otto cycle, gasoline became one of the main products of oil refining. However, as diesel engines spread, due to their higher KPI features, diesel fuel came to the fore.

Gasoline is used as fuel for carburetor and injection engines, as a high-pulse rocket fuel (Syntin), for the production of paraffin, as a solvent, as a combustible material, as raw material for petrochemicals - straight-run gasoline or stable natural gasoline (SNG).